Senate should act on judicial openings in Central District of California

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President Obama has aggressively sought advice from Republican and Democratic politicians where vacancies occurred before nominations. He has proposed nominees of balanced temperament, who are smart, ethical, hard working, independent and diverse vis-á-vis ethnicity, gender and ideology. Central District Judges Dolly Gee and Michael Fitzgerald are fine examples.

Senator Patrick LeahyPatrick LeahyOvernight Cybersecurity: FBI probes possible hack of Dems' phones | Trump's '400-pound hacker' | Pressure builds on Yahoo | Poll trolls run wild Dems slam Yahoo CEO over delay in acknowledging hack Overnight Finance: McConnell offers 'clean' funding bill | Dems pan proposal | Flint aid, internet measure not included | More heat for Wells Fargo | New concerns on investor visas MORE (D-Vt.), the Judiciary Committee chairman, has expeditiously conducted hearings and votes, moving nominees to the floor where numbers have languished for months. On September 22, the upper chamber recessed without considering 19 very qualified nominees having committee approval because the GOP would not vote.

Republicans must cooperate better. The primary bottleneck has been the floor. Senator Mitch McConnellMitch McConnellSenate moves to get out of town Obama urges McConnell, Reid to sustain 9/11 bill veto Reid to GOP: Commit to Flint money MORE (R-Ky.), the minority leader, has infrequently agreed on ballots. Particularly troubling has been GOP unwillingness to consider excellent consensus nominees, inaction that violates chamber traditions. When the Senate has eventually voted, it easily confirmed many nominees, like Mark Walker, who won 4-0 approval last week.

The three Central District openings are critical. Obama has suggested three highly qualified nominees. He should continue working closely with Leahy and Senator Harry ReidHarry ReidSenate moves to get out of town Reid is sole senator to back Obama's 9/11 veto The Hill's 12:30 Report MORE (D-Nev.), the majority leader, who arranges debates and floor votes, and their GOP counterparts to facilitate appointments.

Obama must also keep cooperating with California Democratic Senators Dianne FeinsteinDianne FeinsteinWH tried to stop Intel Dems' statement on Russian hacking: report This week: Shutdown deadline looms over Congress Week ahead: Election hacks, Yahoo breach in the spotlight MORE and Barbara BoxerBarbara BoxerDems gain upper hand on budget Overnight Finance: Senate rejects funding bill as shutdown looms | Labor Dept. to probe Wells Fargo | Fed to ease stress test rules for small banks Funding bill rejected as shutdown nears MORE. Both have established selection committees, which solicit applications, interview candidates and make suggestions to the legislators who correspondingly recommend prospects to the administration.

Those actions led Obama to nominate Central District Deputy Federal Public Defender Jesus Bernal on April 25, 2012, Central District Magistrate Judge Fernando Olguin on May 14 and Los Angeles County Superior Court Judge Beverly Reid O’Connell on November 14. Bernal served as Deputy Public Defender in the Los Angeles office for ten years and has since been the Directing Attorney of the Riverside office. He previously engaged in complex litigation for Los Angeles’ Heller, Ehrman law firm. Judge Olguin has been a Magistrate Judge since 2001. Judge O’Connell has served on the state bench since 2005, litigated civil cases at Morrison & Foerster for five years before that and earlier served as a Central District Assistant U.S. Attorney for a decade.

Senator Leahy swiftly arranged June hearings for the first two nominees at which Senators Feinstein and Boxer expressed their enthusiastic support. Senator Charles GrassleyChuck GrassleyThe Trail 2016: Fight night Clinton, Trump tied in Iowa, Grassley leads in Senate race Senate rivals gear up for debates MORE (R-Iowa), the Ranking Member, rigorously questioned both nominees. In July, the Judiciary Committee reported Bernal and Olguin on voice votes with Utah Senator Mike LeeMike LeeSenators express 'grave concerns' about ObamaCare 'bailout' Funding bill rejected as shutdown nears Shutdown risk grows over Flint MORE voting no to protest Obama’s January Executive recess appointments. Senator McConnell (R-Ky.) entered an agreement for a floor vote on Bernal this week and should do so for Olguin before the Senate adjourns because they are well qualified and the Central District requires all of its judges to effectively address its huge, complicated docket. Judge O’Connell will testify at a Wednesday hearing, which the California senators will probably attend to voice their strong support, while Grassley is likely to carefully question the jurist.

The three Central District of California vacancies undermine justice. Thus, senators must quickly approve President Obama’s excellent nominees, so that the court can deliver justice.

Tobias is the Williams Chair in Law, University of Richmond.