Broun's language would have instructed House conferees to insist on spending about $37.5 billion in 2013 on highway funds, in negotiations with a Senate that is looking to spend $109 billion over two years. The motion was opposed by many business groups who saw that reduction as too drastic.

In debate late Thursday night, Rep. Peter DeFazio (D-Ore.) accused Broun of hating America for proposing such a low level of highway spending.

The House and Senate are still negotiating a long-term compromise bill, but House Majority Leader Eric CantorEric CantorRyan reelected Speaker in near-unanimous GOP vote Financial technology rules are set to change in the Trump era Trump allies warn: No compromise on immigration MORE (R-Va.) hinted last week that conferees might not meet the June 30 deadline, when federal highway program authorization expires.