“I rise to introduce the New Columbia Admissions Act that will create a 51st State from the populated portions of Washington, D.C., giving these more than 600,000 disenfranchised Americans the voice they deserve in our national government,” Lieberman said Wednesday. “The United States is the only democracy in the world that denies voting representation to the people who live in its capital city. It is long past time to end this unjust and embarrassing distinction.”

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When introducing the bill, Lieberman said it would retain a federal district called Washington, D.C., which would be under the control of Congress as the Constitution mandates. But it would be a smaller area encompassing the White House, the Capitol, the Supreme Court and the National Mall, where few people reside. The rest of the current D.C. would become a new state.

If New Columbia were created, it would receive two voting senators and a voting member in the House. Currently, D.C. only has a non-voting member of the House — Rep. Eleanor Holmes Norton (D-D.C.). The area is highly Democratic, which is why this initiative has typically been lead by Democrats.

Lieberman said, “it would have been unimaginable” to the founding fathers to have such a heavily populated area disenfranchised in Congress.

“Now we are a nation of more than 300 million and Washington, D.C., is a thriving community of 618,000 people,” Lieberman said. “That's more people than Wyoming has and about the same as Vermont and North Dakota have, which, of course, have full representation in Congress.”

There has long been a campaign in D.C. to gain statehood since residents pay taxes and yet don’t have the same federal representation as states. The D.C. motto is “taxation without representation.”

“It is long past time to give these American citizens who have chosen Washington as their home full participation in our democracy,” Lieberman said. “People who live in D.C. are, of course, as American as people who live throughout our country — teachers, firefighters, doctors, janitors, parents, children, veterans, retirees. Why do their contributions to our democracy — financial and otherwise — merit rights and representation any less than those of their fellow citizens in the 50 states?"

Sens. Dick DurbinDick DurbinSenate Democrats dig in as shutdown approaches Overnight Finance: Senate Dems dig in as shutdown looms | Trump taps fast-food exec for Labor chief | Portland's new CEO tax Senators to Trump: Get tough on Russia over Ukraine MORE (D-Ill.), Barbara BoxerBarbara Boxer House passes water bill with Flint aid, drought relief Fight over water bill heats up in Senate Dem senator tears up in farewell speech MORE (D-Calif.) and Patty MurrayPatty MurrayReid defends relationship with McConnell in farewell speech Top Dem signals likely opposition to Sessions nomination Overnight Finance: Trump takes victory lap at Carrier plant | House passes 'too big to fail' revamp | Trump econ team takes shape MORE (D-Wash.) are co-sponsoring the bill.