NASA will launch the first satellite designed to measure carbon dioxide in the atmosphere around the world next week.
The Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 satellite will be a critical tool for scientists and the administration in tracking climate change.
The amount of data that NASA expects to gather from the new carbon-monitoring spacecraft will be "huge," Cole said.
The added data could give fuel to President Obama's climate agenda and recently proposed standards on carbon pollution from existing power plants.
Global leaders will be able to pinpoint emissions down to the country, state and city to determine which areas produce the most carbon dioxide.