The White House needs to make a decision soon on whether ObamaCare's controversial employer mandate will take effect in 2015.
Federal officials are late in delivering the final forms and technical guidance necessary for firms to comply, raising suspicions the mandate could once again be delayed.
The mandate has been pushed back twice before, the first time in late summer.
The delays to the mandate have angered House Republicans, who are now taking President Obama to court for what they say is his refusal to follow the letter of the law.
Another delay to the mandate would be sure to create a political firestorm and draw charges that the administration is playing politics with ObamaCare ahead of the midterm elections.
But support for the mandate on the left has begun to soften in recent months, with influential figures and former Obama administration officials questioning whether it’s needed to make the law work.
Seven business lobbyists interviewed by The Hill said it is unlikely the administration would defer the employer mandate wholesale one more time, given the intense political pressure from Republicans.
But many groups are expecting partial relief to be announced prior to November, perhaps in the form of looser reporting requirements that would be easier to follow.
"I'd be shocked if they did another [full] delay … but it wouldn't surprise me if something else came out before the election," said one source who requested anonymity in order to speak freely.
Almost one year ago, the Obama administration announced it would postpone enforcement of the mandate until 2015.
The move was denounced as politically driven, given that businesses were warning they were likely to layoff and cut hours for workers once they were required to either provide healthcare coverage or pay a fine.
The White House angered conservatives again in February by allowing medium-sized businesses to avoid penalties under the mandate until 2016.
The private sector welcomed the changes, but critics argued the moves were an abuse of Obama's executive power, and that argument is now the centerpiece of Speaker John BoehnerJohn BoehnerHouse markup of ObamaCare repeal bill up in the air Conservatives to Congress: Get moving Boehner: ObamaCare repeal and replace 'not going to happen' MORE’s (R-Ohio) lawsuit.
While that impending legal action is facing an uphill climb in court, lobbyists said the publicity generated by the lawsuit has limited the White House’s options.
"The administration is stuck between a rock and a lawsuit — not that we're fans of the lawsuit," said one business representative.
"The reality is that the employer mandate is going forward on Jan. 1 no matter what, in my view," said another.
And yet, delayed or not, the mandate poses a variety of challenges for businesses.
Interest groups say they're in a holding pattern until the Treasury Department releases two more forms and a set of specific enforcement guidelines.
Those materials, expected prior to July 4, are considered necessary to constructing databases that will help fulfill the mandate's complex requirements.
The Treasury Department says the documents will be ready soon and noted it released final regulations on the mandate in February.
"These forms will be made available in draft form in the near future," said a spokesman for the IRS.
Since that month, however, a growing number of Democrats have muddied the waters by questioning how much the mandate really matters to the healthcare law.
Skeptics include the party’s likely 2016 standard-bearer, Hillary ClintonHillary Rodham ClintonHollywood stars make political statements with Oscars fashion Live coverage: Stars get political at Oscars 5 ways politics could steal the show at Oscars MORE, and former Obama spokesman Robert Gibbs.
Rep. Henry Waxman (D-Calif.), who helped craft the healthcare law, said he was "concerned" about the potential for lost revenue if the mandate is scrapped.
But he said another delay would not doom the healthcare law. "I don’t think it would be disastrous," he said. "It wasn't disastrous last year."
On the other side of the debate, Families USA President Ron Pollack argued Democrats should support the mandate as another way to broaden access to health insurance.
"It is a big mistake for people who care about expanding health coverage to put repeal or weakening of the employer mandate on the agenda," said Pollack, who has pressed the administration to enforce the policy on time.
"I just don't think any mechanism that moves us toward greater coverage should be eliminated."
Away from the public debate, the lobbying battle over the administration's final decision is heating up.
Business groups are airing concerns about the missing forms on Capitol Hill and in "quiet conversations" with administration officials.
Some of the groups are proposing that the administration scale back the 2015 penalties for failing to comply. Others say that a form of self-verification should suffice for reporting which employees have healthcare coverage.
Lobbyist Yvette Fontenot, who helped draft the employer mandate as an aide to former Senate Finance Committee Chairman Max BaucusMax BaucusFive reasons why Tillerson is likely to get through Business groups express support for Branstad nomination The mysterious sealed opioid report fuels speculation MORE (D-Mont.), said the administration should explore its options.
"We didn’t have a very good handle on how difficult operationalizing the provision would be at that time,” said Fontenot, who is now a partner at government affairs firm Avenue Solutions.
"I don't have any doubt that there are other approaches … that make some sense in ensuring employers pay their fair share."
— This story was corrected at 11:10 a.m. to reflect that the employer mandate was first delayed in July 2013.